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高校招生专家的 5 大语法规则

Apr 26, 2016

在《普林斯顿评论》刊登的一篇题为《大学申请的 6 大简单语法规则》的文章中,高校招生官谈到,良好的语法能让你的想法“大放异彩。” 这些官员每天都在阅读和分析申请论文,最终决定谁能得到其所在大学的入学资格。文中还提到,招生官表示语法错误会使人分心,而好语法不会,这能够让读者把注意力集中到文章的内容上。

以下是高校招生官建议遵循的一些重要语法规则:

规则 1: 修饰语(描述事物的单词或短语)应靠近其修饰的单词或短语。
示例: Purchased last week, the new preparation materials helped the student study.
常见错误: Purchased last week, the student studied with her new preparation materials.

规则 2: 确保代词指代一个特定的名词,并与其指代名词的单数或复数形式保持一致。
示例: The professor is a favorite at the university, but he is now taking a semester off.
常见错误: The professor is a favorite at the university, but they were now taking a semester off.

规则 3: 牢记句子主语,并确保主语始终与动词保持一致。
示例: Each of the authors involved in writing the book was a sociologist.
常见错误: Each of the authors involved in writing the book were sociologists.

规则 4: 当一个句子中存在两个或多个并列成分时,应使用同类语法形式。
示例: The teacher thought he was a good student because he turned in his papers on time, tested well on exams and appeared enthusiastic.
常见错误: The teacher thought he was a good student because he turned in his papers on time, tested well on exams and his enthusiasm was high.

规则 5: 当主语是动作的执行者时,选择主动语态(而非被动语态)。
示例: After I spent the past semester meeting with my study group in the library, I decided to change the location.
常见错误: After meeting in the library with my study group for the past semester, changing locations was my decision.

在备考TOEFL®考试的写作部分时,请记住这些重要语法规则。这将有助于阅卷人把注意力集中到文章的重点——关注你的奇思妙想!

想要获取更多来自高校招生官的语法建议吗? 点击阅读这篇来自《普林斯顿评论》的文章